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                精细化这丧失王表面上骄傲工企业工程设计防火标准

                标 准 号: GB 51283-2020
                替代情况:
                发布单位: 中华人民共和国住房和城乡@建设部 中华人民共和国国家质量监督检验检疫总局
                起草单位: 中国石油和化々工勘察设计协会等
                发布日期: 2020-01-16
                实施日期: 2020-10-01
                点 击 数:
                更新日期: 2020年04月03日
                下载地址:点击这里 560.65 KB
                下载点数:100点(VIP会员免费)
                内容摘要

                本标准来到那间密室共分11 章和1 个附录。其主要◤内容有:总则、术语、火灾危险性分类、厂址选择与工厂总№平面布置、工□艺系统及生产设施、仓储设施、管道布置、厂(库)房建筑≡防火、消防设施、供暖通风与空气@ 调节、电气等。

                1 总则........................................................................................1

                2 术语......................................................................................2

                3 火灾危险性分类................................................................................4

                4 厂址选择与工厂总平面布置..........................................................................5

                4.1 厂址选择..................................................................................5

                4.2 工厂总平面布置.........................................................................7

                4.3 厂内道路.................................................................................10

                5 工艺系↓统及生产设施............................................................................11

                5.1 一般规定............................................................................................11

                5.2 反应器......................................................................................................................12

                5.3 泵、压缩机..............................................................................................................12

                5.4 导热油炉..................................................................................................................13

                5.5 生产设施内布置......................................................................................................14

                5.6 污水处理及循环水..................................................................................................17

                5.7 泄压排放..................................................................................................................18

                5.8 过程检』测及自动控制..............................................................................................20

                6 仓储设施.............................................................................................................................21

                6.1 一般规定..................................................................................................................21

                6.2 可燃液体储罐..........................................................................................................21

                6.3 液化烃、可燃气体、助燃气体储罐......................................................................24

                6.4 可燃液体、液化烃汽车装卸设施..........................................................................25

                6.5 厂内仓库..................................................................................................................26

                7 管道布置.........................................................................................27

                7.1 厂内管线综合..........................................................................................................27

                7.2 工艺及公用物料管道..............................................................................................27

                7.3 含可燃液体生产污水管道......................................................................................28

                8 厂(库)房建筑防火....................................................................30

                8.1 厂(库)房耐火等级与构件耐火极限..................................................................30

                8.2 厂(库)房高度、层数、面积...............................................................30

                2

                8.3 厂(库)房平面布置..............................................................................................31

                8.4 厂(库)房防爆......................................................................................................33

                8.5 厂(库)房安全◥疏散..............................................................................................33

                9 消防设施.............................................................................................................................35

                9.1 一般规定..................................................................................................................35

                9.2 企业▂消防站..............................................................................................................35

                9.3 消防给水..................................................................................................................35

                9.4 消火栓系统..............................................................................................................37

                9.5 自动灭火系统..........................................................................................................37

                9.6 灭∩火器设置..............................................................................................................38

                9.7 消防排水..................................................................................................................38

                10 供暖通风与空气调←节....................................................................39

                10.1 供暖系统................................................................................................................39

                10.2 通风与空气调节....................................................................................................39

                10.3 正压通风................................................................................................................40

                10.4 事故通风................................................................................................................41

                10.5 防排烟....................................................................................................................41

                11 电气.......................................................................................................43

                11.1 消防电源、配电....................................................................................................43

                11.2 变压器和配电柜及电缆敷设................................................................................43

                11.3 消防应急照明........................................................................................................44

                11.4 防雷和◆防静电........................................................................................................44

                11.5 火灾自动报警系统................................................................................................45

                附录A 防火间距起止点.......................................................................................................46

                本标准用词说明...........................................................................................47

                引∮用标准名录.................................................................................................48

                附:条文说明...........................................................................................................49

                1.0.1 为规范精细化工企业工程防火设计,防止和减少火灾危害,确保人身和财产安全▃,制定本标准。

                1.0.2 本标准适用于精细化▲工企业新建、扩建和改建工程的防火设计。

                1.0.3 精细化工企业工程防火设计,应遵循国家有关方针政策,在不▓断总结生产、建设和科◥学实验的基础上,采用新工艺、新材料和新设备↘,做到安全适用虽然身份转变了、技术先进、经济合理。

                1.0.4 精细化工企业工程防火设计,除应执行本标准外,尚应符合国家现行有关标准的规定。

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